The main difference between these species is that synthetic hormones are much stronger. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cancer during cross-sex hormone therapy in a large cohort of trans persons: Estimation of prevalence of transgenderism has historically been challenging. Retrieved 4 January J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; The DSM-IV-R lists four main criteria for a diagnosis of gender identity disorder, and also recommends that the practitioner learn the patient's sexuality. In addition to producing feminization, estrogens have antigonadotropic effects and suppress gonadal sex hormone production.
Eur J Endocrinol ;
Hormone therapy for transgender patients
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Estrogen is the predominant sex hormone that slows bone loss, even in men. There are two types of GnRH modulators: Thus, when a transgender woman opts to have breast augmentation, the implants used tend to be larger than those used by cisgender women. Bolandiol dipropionate Nandrolone esters e. Historical aspects, mechanism of action, results and current clinical status].
Antiandrogens are medications that prevent the effects of androgens in the body. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. Patients may then be transitioned to the implanted pellets. Archived from the original on The nonsteroidal antiandrogens that have been used in transgender women include the first-generation medications flutamide Eulexinnilutamide Anandron, Nilandronand bicalutamide Casodex.