Milk's murder is part of Castro folklore now, but for all the strides made by gay men in America since, and the supposedly greater tolerance these days for homosexual lifestyles, the threats, and the outrages, keep coming. Since the advent of penicillin and other antibiotics they have also been steadily breeding resistance. Indeed, hospital and nursing staff have been battling so-called 'hospital superbugs' for decades. Irish president Michael D Higgins arrives at First, infections that can be transmitted from skin to skin contact like syphilis could be spread by rimming. Medical staff at Letterkenny University Hospital's maternity unit in Donegal treated the women in May and June for necrotising fasciitis. Yes, it could be contracted during anal sex, community medical advisers acknowledged, but it could also be transmitted through other kinds of sexual contact, as well as through sharing towels and dirty gym benches.
She's now on Daptomycin - one of the last-line-of-defence antibiotics.
Two cases of rare flesh-eating disease in one maternity unit
John Hume's life in pictures In pictures: But most infectious disease doctors are against the use of antibiotics in agriculture. One of the dangers with such community infections is that they will not be picked up or will be misdiagnosed as 'spider bites'. In so doing, this gene, known as the mecA gene, not only conferred resistance to methicillin but to all beta-lactams, the group which accounts for nearly half of all antibiotics used. For the immediate future, Chambers believes most community-associated MRSA infections will be treatable with medication. A week later her leg swelled up and she developed a chill, followed by a fever. Yes, it could be contracted during anal sex, community medical advisers acknowledged, but it could also be transmitted through other kinds of sexual contact, as well as through sharing towels and dirty gym benches.
According to Dr Joseph Guglielmo, chairman of the Department of Clinical Pharmacy at UCSF, whose job it is to monitor the effectiveness of antibiotics used in San Francisco's public hospital system, even the most multi-drug-resistant strains still respond to some antibiotics. But if that doesn't work, or a patient is allergic, doctors may have to resort to other antibiotics, many of them intravenous and expensive. Perdreau-Remington shared the information with counterparts in Los Angeles County, where inmates of the largest jail system in the US had been complaining of 'spider bites'. Usually, a surgeon will need to cut out the infected skin and the person will be put on really strong antibiotics. The clone, which at first Perdreau-Remington labelled 'S', had shown up in three cultures taken from patients who attended this walk-in clinic. There have even been calls from some Castro activists to re-open the bathhouses, which were closed by panicked City authorities at the height of the Aids epidemic in the Eighties because of concern about 'unsafe sex practices and which never reopened. But this does not mean that there is a new "gay" form of MRSA, the study's authors say.