Retrieved 10 December These questions were coded from 1 to 5, with 5 indicating high levels of teacher attachment, and were averaged Crosnoe, Johnson, and Elder Discussion This study provides new information about school-related difficulties experienced by sexual minority youth. However, these factors do seem to explain the relationship between emotional distress and course taking. In schools, as in the broader culture, heterosexuality is both assumed and enforced. Eder Donna, Evans Catherine C.
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Add Health was the first nationally representative sample of youth to include any information on sexual orientation; therefore, it offered the first opportunity to assess the degree and extent of problems faced by sexual minority adolescents nationwide. The High School Transcript Study: Despite these limitations, our study provides concrete evidence that sexual minority youth are suffering in schools in ways that can impact their future success. Using romantic attraction rather than self-identification as a measure of sexual orientation allows us to include a greater number of youth who may also experience sexual stigma. Gender differences may also be reflected in measures of academic success.
Gender and Adolescent Culture. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. In an effort to maintain their identity and avoid a loss of self worth, students who are stigmatized may disengage from their teachers, schools, and the learning process itself Finn Open in a separate window. The stigmatization faced by these students can lead to social withdrawal and isolation. Both boys and girls with same-sex romantic attractions feel less connected to their schools than their peers who experience only heterosexual attractions.